Dental Prosthetics in Atelier Uśmiechu
Dental prosthetics has a wide range of possibilities. It includes supplementing lost tooth tissues and single or multiple missing teeth. The goal of this treatment is to restore lost teeth and maintain their condition so as not to cause changes in the jaw structure. In dental prosthetics we distinguish two basic types of prosthetic restorations, permanent (crowns, bridges, veneers) and removable (dentures). They differ in how they are kept in the mouth. We can compare prosthetic treatment to rehabilitation, thanks to which the patient can enjoy a healthy and flawless smile.
It is a kind of permanent restoration, used when rebuilding a badly damaged tooth. The prosthetic crown is deposited on ground teeth, both living and dead. The first visit requires a diagnostic examination, during which the dentist and the patient settle expectations and the best solutions.
There are the following types of crowns:
- porcelain crowns on a metal base
- all-ceramic crowns
- crowns on a zirconium oxide base
- metal crowns
- temporary crowns
Veneers come in the form of thin tiles, most often made of porcelain. They are glued on the lip side of the teeth with a special glue. Prosthetic restoration in the form of veneers is advisable in the case of, among others unsightly gaps between the front teeth, tooth discoloration, uneven tooth position, fracture of enamel or cavities, hypoplasia of enamel and dentin. Thanks to porcelain, the teeth retain their natural appearance and shine, and the color doesn’t differ from other teeth. In addition, porcelain doesn’t cause allergy symptoms.
Veneers don’t weaken the tooth structure, because for preparation it is ground only within the enamel. In Atelier Uśmiechu, for fixing veneers we use modern dental adhesives of high durability and resistance to external factors.
The bridges are an extremely convenient and comfortable prosthetic supplement, because they are permanently fixed on previously prepared patient’s teeth. This is the fastest method to supply several damaged teeth next to each other. In addition, it is an alternative to implants. Due to the material, we can divide the bridges into: ceramic, full-ceramic and composite or acrylic. Their use is conditioned by the presence of the so-called abutment teeth. The bridge has a span in place of the missing tooth and two pillars, i.e. teeth adjacent to the gap. Inserting a properly prepared prosthetic structure often requires grinding of the abutment teeth. The key factor influencing the durability of the procedure is a proper tight fit to the tissues.
Removable prosthetical fillings - dentures
Dental prostheses replace the missing teeth. They are removed and then placed back in the mouth.
There are the following types of dentures:
- acrylic dentures – they are used in the case of toothlessness or extensive missing of teeth. They are mucous dentures, i.e. they are based on the mucosa. This is associated with reduced chewing capacity. In the case of an upper denture, additional discomfort is caused by covering the entire palate with a denture plate,
- skeletal dentures – complement missing teeth that cannot be replaced by bridges. The basic structure is the metal part cast entirely and perfectly matching the shape of the oral cavity, thanks to which the palatal plate is maximally limited and gives greater comfort of use than in the case of acrylic dentures,
- overdenture – for their attachment is used a system of latches connecting the prosthesis to the roots or implants located in the patient’s mouth. Part of the occlusal load falls on the teeth, and not entirely on the mucosa. So they are much more stable in maintenance.